Fire test furnaces
The fire test furnaces are used to study the thermal and structural behaviour of elements of construction. These experimental findings are useful for product improvement or to provide thermal data to allow the calculation of performance. These facilities allow testing of loaded floors, loaded walls and other such setups under either hydrocarbon or standard fire test heating regimes.
The cone calorimeter provides a method of testing the reaction of materials to heat exposure. In this test, small samples of materials (100 mm x 100 mm) are exposed to various levels of radiation and the resulting products of combustion are drawn into a hood and analysed allowing various calculations, such as the mass loss and heat release rates, to be determined.
3MW calorimeter and ISO room
The 3MW calorimeter is similar to the cone calorimeter but at a much larger scale. It allows the burning characteristics (heat release rate versus time) to be established for a variety of items, such as furniture, by burning them directly under the hood or within an International Standards Organisation (ISO) room. Measuring 3.6 m x 2.4 m x 2.4 m high, an ISO room is a standard for tests that allow the evaluation of lining materials giving a good indication of how they might behave in buildings.
Four storey building scale model
Various scenarios can be simulated utilising the detailed four storey building model allowing researchers to study fire and smoke movement that might occur in one or over several levels, including lift and stairwell involvement. By varying the location of fuel and ventilation, the effects of different ventilation arrangements can be measured using more than 160 thermocouples and other instruments.