In modern times many social theorists have tried to understand the causes of crime. This unit (LCR2003) provides students with an overview of the major theories of crime causation across level of analysis from individual to family and community and then broader social-structural issues. In doing so, it invites students to understand the historical and social context underpinning each theory. Beyond this, students will explore more recent perspectives on race, class and gender and develop a critical understanding of the nature of power, the changing definition of crime and the politics of crime control.

Unit details

Online Real Time
Study level:
Credit points:
Unit code:


BLB1114 - Legal Research Methods or

ASL1003 - Criminal Justice Systems or

LCR1001 - Introduction to Criminology or

ABA1003 - Introduction to Sociology

Learning Outcomes

On successful completion of this unit, students will be able to:
  1. Outline and discuss the main theoretical perspectives in criminology;  
  2. Analyse the relative merits of competing perspectives on crime causation;  
  3. Demonstrate critical understanding of more recent critical perspectives on the definition of crime and its control.  


Assessment type Description Grade
Test Online quiz 20%
Presentation Case study analysis 40%
Assignment Short answer questions 40%

Required reading

Crime and Criminology, 6th Ed,
White, R., Haines, F. & Asquith. N.L., 2017
Oxford University Press

Where to next?

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