Biomedical Science for Osteopathy 5 expands the students' knowledge of biomedical sciences through application of fundamental principles to the head and spine. Patients presenting in osteopathic practice tend to seek care for spine related pain and dysfunction, so a key focus in this unit is the anatomy and biomechanics of the head, neck and lumbar spine that can be related to osteopathic treatment principles. Students are able to strengthen their knowledge of the clinical presentation of common musculoskeletal conditions affecting the head, neck and lower back.

Unit details

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Credit points:
Unit code:


HBO1003 - Biomedical Science for Osteopathy 3 and

HBO1001 - Biomedical Science for Osteopathy 1

Learning Outcomes

On successful completion of this unit, students will be able to:
  1. Map the anatomy, histology and embryology of the head, cervical and lumbar spine;  
  2. Integrate biomechanical principles to spinal movements and to the temporomandibular joint; and  
  3. Compare and contrast common musculoskeletal conditions affecting the head, cervical and lumbar spine.  


The common conditions presentation requires students to work collaboratively and present a common condition affecting the head, cervical or lumbar spine in class. The multi station practical exam assesses students' knowledge of anatomy using specimens, histology slides and models explored in their laboratory classes as well as related biomechanical considerations and musculoskeletal conditions. The tests evaluate key concepts of anatomy, biomechanics and common conditions and provide weekly feedback to students throughout the block.
Assessment type Description Grade
Case Study Common Conditions Presentation 20%
Practicum Multi Station Practical Examination (1hr) 40%
Test Theory test: Session 3 (30mins) 10%
Test Theory test: Session 6 (45mins) 15%
Test Theory test: Session 9 (45mins) 15%
The computer based tests will be held in class during the third, sixth and ninth workshop. They will consist of multiple choice questions. The Common Conditions Presentation is due in week 4. The Multi Station Practical Examination will be held in the anatomy laboratory in week 4.

Required reading

Students will be provided with an up-to-date reading list via the VU Collaborate system.

Clinically oriented anatomy 8th ed.
Moore, K.L., Dalley, A. F. & Agur, A. M. (2018)
Philadelphia : Wolters Kluwer

Human Anatomy and Physiology 11th ed.
Marieb, E. N & Hoehn, K (2018)
USA: Pearson Higher Ed

Anatomy and Physiology Coloring Workbook 12th ed.
Marieb, E.N & Brito, S (2017)
Great Britain: Pearson Education Limited

Where to next?

As part of a course

This unit is studied as part of the following courses. Refer to the course page for information on how to apply for the course.

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