Section: Overview
Key publications
Research funding
Supervising & teaching

Key details

Areas of expertise

  • Research design
  • Data analysis
  • Athletic performance

Available to supervise research students

Available for media queries

About William Hopkins

Will Hopkins came to sport science via maths and physics (BSc), Russian (BA), cell biology (MSc), neurophysiology (PhD), and primary-school teaching (briefly!) and a post-doc in Oxford.

Will is interested in factors affecting sport performance and in the design, analysis and presentation of research generally. He was a visiting scholar at the Australian Institute of Sport for the last decade of its golden era (2001-2012), which contributed to his impressive citation statistics (32,750 citations, H index of 85).

He now has a part-time professorial appointment with Victoria University in Melbourne.

He has his own journal site, Sportscience (, devoted to research resources and conference reports.

He is best known for rejecting statistical significance and replacing it with a clinically and practically more relevant method of inference based on uncertainty in the magnitude of effects.

He lives in Auckland NZ in semi-retirement.


  • PhD, University of Otago, New Zealand, 1971
  • MSc (1st Class), University of Auckland, New Zealand, 1973
  • BA, University of Auckland, New Zealand, 1971
  • BSC, University of Auckland, New Zealand, 1969
  • Dip Teach, Dunedin Teacher's College, 1977

Key publications

Year Citation
2021 Li, F., Hopkins, W. G., Wang, X., Baker, J. S., Nie, J., Qiu, J., Quach, B., Wang, K., & Yi, L. (210326). Kinetics, Moderators and Reference Limits of Exercise-Induced Elevation of Cardiac Troponin T in Athletes: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Frontiers in Physiology, 12

doi: 10.3389/fphys.2021.651851

2021 Serpiello, F. R., & Hopkins, W. G. (210301). Convergent validity of cr100-based session ratings of perceived exertion in elite youth football players of different ages. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 16 (443-447).

doi: 10.1123/IJSPP.2020-0047

2021 Oranchuk, D. J., Hopkins, W. G., Nelson, A. R., Storey, A. G., & Cronin, J. B. (210101). The effect of regional quadriceps anatomical parameters on angle-specific isometric torque expression. Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism, 46(4), (368-378).

doi: 10.1139/apnm-2020-0565

2020 Phillips, K. E., & Hopkins, W. G. (201201). Determinants of Cycling Performance: a Review of the Dimensions and Features Regulating Performance in Elite Cycling Competitions. Sports Medicine - Open, 6(1),

doi: 10.1186/s40798-020-00252-z

2020 Patten, R. K., Boyle, R. A., Moholdt, T., Kiel, I., Hopkins, W. G., Harrison, C. L., & Stepto, N. K. (200707). Exercise Interventions in Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Frontiers in Physiology, 11

doi: 10.3389/fphys.2020.00606

2020 Howe, S. T., Aughey, R. J., Hopkins, W. G., Cavanagh, B. P., & Stewart, A. M. (200701). Sensitivity, reliability and construct validity of GPS and accelerometers for quantifying peak periods of rugby competition. PLoS ONE, 15(7),

doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0236024

2020 Lee, M. JC., Ballantyne, J. K., Chagolla, J., Hopkins, W. G., Fyfe, J. J., Phillips, S. M., Bishop, D. J., & Bartlett, J. D. (200501). Order of same-day concurrent training influences some indices of power development, but not strength, lean mass, or aerobic fitness in healthy, moderately-active men after 9 weeks of training. PLoS ONE, 15(5),

doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0233134

2020 Li, F., Nie, J., Zhang, H., Fu, F., Yi, L., Hopkins, W., Liu, Y., & Lu, Y. (200131). Effects of Matched Intermittent and Continuous Exercise on Changes of Cardiac Biomarkers in Endurance Runners. Frontiers in Physiology, 11

doi: 10.3389/fphys.2020.00030

2020 Neville, R. D., Makopoulou, K., & Hopkins, W. G. (200102). Effect of an Inclusive Physical Education (IPE) Training Workshop on Trainee Teachers Self-Efficacy. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 91(1), (102-114).

doi: 10.1080/02701367.2019.1650877

2020 Lipinska, P., & Hopkins, W. G. (200101). Pacing Profiles and Competitive Performance of Elite Female 400-m Freestyle Swimmers. Journal of strength and conditioning research, 34(1), (218-224).

doi: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000002187

Research funding for the past 5 years

Funding details for this researcher are currently unavailable.

Supervision of research students at VU

Available to supervise research students

Available for media queries

Completed supervision of research students at VU

No. of students Study level Role
1 PhD Principal supervisor

Completed supervision of research students at VU

Students & level Role
PhD (1) Principal supervisor


Details of this Researcher's career are currently unavailable.