Ready to start your job search and launch your new career?
Applying for a job often involves a written or online application (including cover letter, resume and sometimes further documentation) and an interview.
The process might also include:
- psychometric or ability testing
- a phone interview
- group assessment
- an informal meeting
- a task or presentation.
Your written application is your crucial first chance to show potential employers that you have the skills, knowledge and ability they need. They will use it to decide whether to consider you for the job.
If your application lets you down, you probably won’t get any further in the recruitment process – no matter how perfect you are for the role.
Tips for written job applications
- include a cover letter, regardless of whether they ask for one.
- use the job title or reference number in the email subject and, in the body, state your name and what is attached.
- follow application instructions exactly
- send electronic applications in a format that can be universally opened
- keep track of your applications with a list.
- sending a generic application to several employers
- making false claims about your skills or qualifications
- attaching documents that were not requested – including academic transcripts.
Keep these hints and tips in mind when you submit an online application.
- Research the organisation
What skills are they seeking? Do you meet the selection criteria? What has been happening in the organisation?
- Start your application early
Applications can take time. Check if you are able to partly complete the application and save it or whether it must be completed in one sitting (and plan accordingly). If you can, save regularly!
- Complete responses offline
You can cut and paste from your offline version - use the spell check!
- Ask someone else to read your responses and give you feedback
Get your reader to look at the application from an employer's point of view - you can submit your answers to for an online review.
- Save a copy
Record each application you submit, and make a note of any contact you have with the organisation in relation to your application.
Phone to confirm your application has been received and save the record of acknowledgement of your application just in case there is a problem.
Resumes, cover letters & selection criteria
Cover letters should never be more than one A4 page. If asked to address selection criteria:
- do so in a separate ‘Response to selection criteria’ document
- make your cover letter brief
- highlight a few key points about yourself – save the detail for the selection criteria document
- outline your interest in the position.
When there are no formal selection criteria:
- provide more evidence of your skills and experience in your cover letter
- read the advertisement and/or position description carefully to determine what skills and experience are required
- if necessary, call the company for more information and/or ask for a position description.
Many employers, including government and professional associations, will ask you to address specific selection criteria in detail. You are then rated on how closely you meet each of the criteria compared to other applicants.
To address selection criteria:
- provide specific examples for each to demonstrate how you meet them
- present the information in a separate document
- common titles are 'Evidence in Support of the Selection Criteria' and 'Responses to Selection Criteria'.
An interview is your opportunity to sell yourself and to convince the employer that you’re the best candidate for the job. Prepare for interview success by:
- answering mock interview questions
- researching the organisation and the role
- preparing a few of your own questions to ask the employer.
Remember, the interview is a two-way process – your best chance to see if this is really the right job for you.
Their aim is to gain objective information about a candidate’s aptitude and suitability for the job, such as whether or not you:
- have the minimum level of ability needed in areas such as literacy and numeracy
- will fit in with the role, team or organisation.