Ten million Australians in low socio-economic brackets are at high risk of dying early from chronic disease, an alarming snapshot of the nation’s health shows.
Australia’s Health Tracker by Socio-Economic Status, a new report from the Australian Health Policy Collaboration at Victoria University, shows close links between socio-economic disadvantage and poor health as the gap widens between the haves and have nots.
Health divide & chronic disease
AHPC Director Rosemary Calder said the health divide in relation to chronic disease and risk factors is stark.
People in lower SES brackets have higher risks of diabetes, heart disease, cancer, and depression.
Australians in the lowest SES bracket have these increased risks:
- four times more likely to die from diabetes
- three times more likely to die from a respiratory disease
- two-and-a-half times more likely to die from cardiovascular disease
- seventy per cent more likely to suicide
- sixty per cent more likely to die from cancer.
“Being socially and economically disadvantaged is not only bad for your health it’s also much more likely to kill you,” Professor Calder said. “Our report shows not everyone has a fair go at living a long, healthy and prosperous life.”
“Australia’s Health Tracker by Socio-Economic Status is not just about the health of communities who are most disadvantaged. It alarmingly shows that the health of 40 per cent of Australians with low incomes – the working poor – is in jeopardy.”
Those often referred to as the 'working poor' are at much greater risk of poor health, more likely to be obese, less likely to do exercise and much more likely to smoke, Professor Calder said.
“This is the story here, we are seeing working families struggle due to skyrocketing costs of housing, utilities and food. And this is having a significant effect on their health outcomes,” she said.
Chronic disease claimed the lives of 49,227 people before the age of 75 in lower socio-economic groups in the past four years – more than the capacity of the Sydney Cricket Ground.
Wealthy also at risk
But it’s not just the disadvantaged at risk. Australia’s Health Tracker data also shows alcohol is being consumed at risky levels in higher socio-economic groups.
High cholesterol is another risk factor that affects the advantaged while rates of high blood pressure is evenly spread across all socio-economic groups.
Health policy falling short
While low socio-economic status is a known major risk factor in chronic disease and premature death, Professor Calder said it not addressed in health policy and programs.
“As a society, we have been failing to provide health care for those who need it most, and we are literally letting them die,” she said. “We need policies which address the health impacts of social and economic conditions to contribute to a prosperous, productive and healthy nation.”
One in two Australians have a chronic disease - many have more than one - but almost a third of chronic disease impact could be prevented by reducing risk factors such as smoking, obesity, alcohol use, high blood pressure and physical inactivity.
Health Tracker by Socio-Economic Status launch
Australia’s Health Tracker by Socio-Economic Status will be launched at The National Press Club of Australia in Canberra on Tuesday 28 November, 2017.
Alan Kohler, one of Australia’s most experienced financial journalists and an Adjunct Professor at Victoria University, and high-profile GP, Dr Mukesh Haikerwal AO, will be guest speakers at the launch.
They will look at the relationship between employment and health and ramifications of the changing nature of work.
This event is co-hosted with the Public Health Association of Australia.
Time: Tuesday 28 November, 2017, 11.30am – 1.30pm
Venue: The National Press Club of Australia, 16 National Circuit, Barton, Canberra.
About Australia’s Health Tracker
Australia’s Health Tracker by Socio-Economic Status is the third in a series of Tracker report cards on the state of the nation’s health. It builds on the successful work of Australia’s Health Tracker, a report card compiled by the collaborative effort and expert guidance of leading Australian public health and chronic disease experts.
The Tracker reports also compare the latest data to reduction and prevention targets set for the year 2025. The series will track progress towards the targets for a healthier Australia by 2025.
More than 50 health organisations have worked together on Australia’s Heath Tracker – the first assessment of its kind – in an effort to warn governments and industries that immediate and significant action is needed to fight diseases crippling the health system. It has been developed in collaboration with the Public Health Information and Development Unit at Torrens University.