This unit introduces students to clinical examination and osteopathic management, including manual techniques relevant to the cervical spine. Students will continue to develop history taking and communication skills specifically for spinal conditions. Clinical reasoning continues to be developed in this unit with a focus on patient presentations affecting the head and cervical spine.

Unit details

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Credit points:
Unit code:


HBS1204 - Clinical Skills 2

Learning Outcomes

On successful completion of this unit, students will be able to:
  1. Relate the principles of history taking to record details of the presenting complaints of the spine;  
  2. Exhibit and interpret a physical examination of the cervical spine and temporomandibular joint ;  
  3. Interpret common medical tests that may be used in diagnosis and management of conditions of the cervical spine;  
  4. Exemplify clinical reasoning for common conditions of the head and cervical spine; and  
  5. Exhibit and explain osteopathic manual techniques and management of the cervical spine.  


Assessment type Description Grade
Other Quiz on cervical safety procedures (30 minutes duration, equivalent to 500 words) 20%
Other Online Quiz (30 minutes duration, equivalent to 500 words) 20%
Case Study Case-based learning Worksheet (500 words) 10%
Practicum Practical examination (20 minutes) (hurdle requirement) (equivalent to 2000 words) 50%
90% attendance is required at workshops and practical workshop classes in the osteopathic program (hurdle requirement). The practical workshops in this unit are interactive and develop students manual and examination skills for work as an osteopath. Further students are able to seek feedback from the teachers on meeting the learning outcomes and planning for assessment tasks. A minimum pass grade (50%) for the end-of-unit practical examination is required to satisfactorily complete the unit overall as the assessment tasks are reflective of the nature of osteopathic practice and is the only summative assessment task to assess learning outcomes 2 and 5 that are related to practical skills development.

Required reading

Greenmans Principles of Manual Medicine 5th ed.
Destefano, L (2017)
Philadelphia, US: Lippincott Williams Wilkins.

Orthopedic Physical Assessment. 6th ed.
Magee, D (2014)
St Louis, US: Elsevier.

Bates' guide to physical examination and history taking. 12th ed.
Bickley, L. S. (2017)
Philadelphia, US: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

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