Clinical Skills 2 introduces students to the osteopathic clinical examination, manual and management techniques, relevant to the lower limb. Students are able to further develop their patient communication and history taking skills by taking a systems history in addition to the presenting complaint for the lower limb. Clinical reasoning is a focus of this unit and students are encouraged to begin articulating their clinical thinking in relation to lower limb conditions.

Unit details

Study level:
Credit points:
Unit code:


HBS1104 - Clinical Skills 1

HBO1004 - Biomedical Science for Osteopathy 4

Learning Outcomes

On successful completion of this unit, students will be able to:
  1. Demonstrate an understanding of the history taking process and record key components of a presenting complaint, medical and systems history;  
  2. Perform and interpret a musculoskeletal physical examination of the lower extremity;  
  3. Review diagnostic imaging that may be used in the diagnosis & management of conditions of the lower extremity; and  
  4. Apply and explain the principles of osteopathic manual techniques and management strategies of the lower extremity.  


The assessment tasks link the learning outcomes and graduate outcomes. The first assessment assesses the students' ability to competently undertake and note a clinical history, including a medical history. The CBL worksheets are case studies that simulate a common presenting complaint to osteopathic practice spanning the full scope of osteopathic practice: from history taking to prognosis and management. The third assessment familiarises students with the final assessment by performing a practice peer-driven attempt under exam conditions. It also aims to develop and build students' feedback literacy. The final observed performance in a simulated setting assesses the student's capacity to competently perform an assessment of and management for a simulated case related to the lower extremity, as well as obtain informed consent.
Assessment type Description Grade
Report History taking (300 words) 15%
Case Study Group CBL Worksheets (300 words) 15%
Practicum Peer Marked Observed Performance in a Simulated Setting (OPSS) 10%
Examination 30 minute Final Observed Performance in a Simulated Setting (OPSS) (Hurdle Requirement) 60%
Students are required to participate in practical sessions with at least 80% attendance except under extenuating circumstances (hurdle requirement). HBS1104 is a core clinical subject in an accredited program by the Australasian Osteopathic Accreditation Council (AOAC). HBS1204 provides key skills to meet threshold graduate capabilities for an osteopathic graduate (Standards for Assessment Procedure (HE) Policy: clause 29.c). A pass grade (50%) for the unit overall, and for Assessment 4: Final OPSS, is required to satisfactorily pass the unit. The hurdle requirements are in place to satisfy the unit learning outcomes, and ensure safe practice and implementation of the skills learnt in this unit.

Required reading

Students will be provided with an up-to-date reading list via the VU Collaborate system.

Clinical Sports Medicine Volume 1 5th ed.
Brukner, S & Kahn, K. (2019)
New York, US: McGraw-Hill Education

Greeman's Principles of Manual Medicine 5th ed.
DeStefano, L. (2016)
Philadelphia, US: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

Orthopaedic physical assessment 6th ed.
Magee, D. J. (2014)
St Louis, US: Elsevier

Where to next?

As part of a course

This unit is studied as part of the following courses. Refer to the course page for information on how to apply for the course.

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