Biomedical Sciences for Osteopathy 2, introduces students to anatomical and biomechanical principles relevant to osteopathy. Students will apply theoretical concepts of biomedical sciences to the upper limb and review common musculoskeletal conditions presenting in osteopathic practice.

Unit details

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Unit code:


HBO1001 - Biomedical Science for Osteopathy 1

Learning Outcomes

On successful completion of this unit, students will be able to:
  1. Identify and discuss the detailed anatomy of the upper limb;  
  2. Illustrate basic biomechanics principles and their application to the upper extremity;  
  3. Discuss common musculoskeletal conditions of the upper limb, relate them to osteopathic principles.  


Within the workshop environment, students work collaboratively in small groups to explore a clinical case scenario relating to the upper limb. Students complete a formative in-class group worksheet based on the scenario which includes questions on the related anatomy and biomechanics. Following this in-class activity, students are assessed individually on the key elements of this case and the related musculoskeletal conditions. The multi-station practical examination requires students to identify anatomical structures of the upper limb. Each station requires students to identify and elaborate upon the anatomical structures displayed. The theory paper assesses the full scope of the HBO1002 curriculum and is scaffolded by formative quizzes throughout the unit.
Assessment type Description Grade
Workshop Case Based Learning Worksheet - Upper extremity common musculoskeletal condition (800 words) 15%
Practicum Multi-station practical examination (45mins) 40%
Test Theory Paper (60mins) 45%

Required reading

Students will be provided with an up-to-date reading list via the VU Collaborate system.

Clinically oriented anatomy 8th ed.
Moore, K. L., & Dalley, A. F. & Agur, A.M.R., (2018)
Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer

. McMinn & Abrahams' clinical atlas of human anatomy 8th ed.
Abrahams, P. H., Spratt, J. D., Loukas, M., Van Schoor, A.-N., Hutchings, R. T., & McMinn, R. M. H. (2019)
[St. Louis, MO]?; [London]: Mosby Elsevier

Where to next?

As part of a course

This unit is studied as part of the following courses. Refer to the course page for information on how to apply for the course.

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