Section: Overview
Key publications
Research funding
Supervising & teaching

Key details

Areas of expertise

  • Psychology
  • Statistical analysis
  • R Programming Language
  • Violent extremism
  • Radicalisation

Available to supervise research students

Not available for media queries

About Muhammad Iqbal

Dr Muhammad Iqbal is a Research Fellow at the Institute for Sustainable Industries and Liveable Cities (ISILC), Victoria University, Melbourne. He is also a CI in the Applied Security Science Partnership (ASSP), which brings together policing and security practitioners with academics to collaboratively build robust evidence on behavioural indicators of violent extremism.

Dr Iqbal has undertaken quantitative research on the issue of violent extremism in Australia and Indonesia, and has utilised experimental design, data mining, web scraping, social network analysis, and quantitative text analysis in his research.

His research has been published in journals such as the Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, Studies in Conflict  & Terrorism, New Media and Society, Social Science & Medicine, and Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport.


  • PhD, Monash University, Australia, 2018
  • MA, Monash University, Australia, 2009
  • BA, Monash University, Australia, 2007

Key publications

Year Citation
2019 Peucker, M., Smith, D., & Iqbal, M. (190101). Not a Monolithic Movement: The Diverse and Shifting Messaging of Australia s Far-Right (pp. 73-100). Springer Singapore.

doi: 10.1007/978-981-13-8351-9_4

Year Citation
2020 Ballsun-Stanton, B., Waldek, L., Droogan, J., Smith, D., Iqbal, M., & Peucker, M. (200701). Mapping Networks and Narratives of Online Right-Wing Extremists in New South Wales: Government report for Department of Communities and Justice, NSW.. Sydney: Macquarie University.
2018 Peucker, M., Smith, D., & Iqbal, M. (181101). Mapping Networks and Narratives of Far-Right Movements in Victoria.

Year Citation
2020 Vergani, M., Iqbal, M., Ilbahar, E., & Barton, G. (201002). The Three Ps of Radicalization: Push, Pull and Personal. A Systematic Scoping Review of the Scientific Evidence about Radicalization Into Violent Extremism. Studies in Conflict and Terrorism, 43(10),

doi: 10.1080/1057610X.2018.1505686

2020 Johnston, M. F., Iqbal, M., & True, J. (200101). The Lure of (Violent) Extremism: Gender Constructs in Online Recruitment and Messaging in Indonesia. Studies in Conflict and Terrorism,

doi: 10.1080/1057610X.2020.1759267

2020 Bliuc, A. M., Betts, J. M., Faulkner, N., Vergani, M., Chow, R. J., Iqbal, M., & Best, D. (200101). The effects of local socio-political events on group cohesion in online far-right communities. PLoS ONE, 15(3),

doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0230302

2019 Orr, R., Sharratt, K., & Iqbal, M. (190818). American Indian erasure and the logic of elimination: an experimental study of depiction and support for resources and rights for tribes*. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 45(11), (2078-2099).

doi: 10.1080/1369183X.2017.1421061

2019 Bliuc, A. M., Betts, J., Vergani, M., Iqbal, M., & Dunn, K. (190801). Collective identity changes in far-right online communities: The role of offline intergroup conflict. New Media and Society, 21(8), (1770-1786).

doi: 10.1177/1461444819831779

2019 Bliuc, A. M., Iqbal, M., & Best, D. (190531). Integrating Computerized Linguistic and Social Network Analyses to Capture Addiction Recovery Capital in an Online Community. Journal of visualized experiments : JoVE,(147),

doi: 10.3791/58851

2018 Best, D., Bliuc, A. M., Iqbal, M., Upton, K., & Hodgkins, S. (180504). Mapping social identity change in online networks of addiction recovery. Addiction Research and Theory, 26(3), (163-173).

doi: 10.1080/16066359.2017.1347258

Research funding for the past 5 years

Please note:

  • Funding is ordered by the year the project commenced and may continue over several years.
  • Funding amounts for contact research are not disclosed to maintain commercial confidentiality.
  • The order of investigators is not indicative of the role they played in the research project.

Applied research into countering violent extremism (CVE) and counter-terrorism (CT) risk assessment tools
From: Dept of Justice (VIC)
Investigators: Aspr Debra Smith, Prof Ramon Spaaij
For period: 2019-2023
Not disclosed
Mapping Networks and Narratives of Far-Right Social Movements in New South Wales
From: NSW Department of Premier & Cabinet
Investigators: Dr Mario Peucker, Aspr Debra Smith
For period: 2019-2020
Not disclosed
Iterative Review, Validation and Development of Radar CVE Case Management Tool
From: Victoria Police
Investigators: Aspr Debra Smith, Prof Ramon Spaaij
For period: 2019-2019
Not disclosed
Partnership with Deakin University in the Collaborative Centre for Resilient and Inclusive Societies (CRIS)
From: Research Institute on Social Cohesion
Investigators: Aspr Debra Smith, Dr Alison Baker, Prof Ramon Spaaij, Dr Mario Peucker
For period: 2019-2021
Not disclosed
Capacity Building Grant -  Participation in the Collaborative Centre of Excellence for Resilient Communities and Inclusive Societies (CERCIS) Think Tank
From: Dept of Premier and Cabinet (Vic)
Investigators: Aspr Debra Smith, Dr Teresa De fazio, Dr Mario Peucker, Dr Alison Baker, Prof Ramon Spaaij
For period: 2019-2023
Not disclosed

Supervision of research students at VU

Available to supervise research students

Not available for media queries


Details of this Researcher's career are currently unavailable.