Associate Professor Gary Fryer is part of the osteopathic medicine discipline at Victoria University.
Gary graduated in 1991 and has practised osteopathy in Melbourne, Brisbane and rural Victoria, Australia. He has been extensively involved in osteopathic education and research, and has taught osteopathic principles and technique at Victoria University since 1997.
His research interests have been diverse and include the reliability of palpation and the neurophysiological effects and mechanisms of manipulative treatment. Gary has been an advocate of an evidence-informed approach to teaching and practising osteopathy.
After completing his PhD in 2007, Gary moved to Kirksville, Missouri, for a two-year period where he was a Research Associate Professor with the A.T. Still Research Institute and taught osteopathic manipulative medicine as Adjunct Assistant Professor at Kirksville College of Osteopathic Medicine.
He has authored over 50 articles in peer-reviewed journals, 8 book chapters, and has been an invited speaker at many osteopathic conferences in Australia, the United States, United Kingdom and Europe.
Refereed journal articles
Fryer G. Integrating osteopathic approaches based on biopsychosocial therapeutic mechanisms. Part 1: The mechanisms (Masterclass). International Journal of Osteopathic Medicine. 2017;25: 30-41. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijosm.2017.05.002
Fryer G. Integrating osteopathic approaches based on biopsychosocial therapeutic mechanisms. Part 2: Clinical Approach (Masterclass). International Journal of Osteopathic Medicine (in press). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijosm.2017.05.001
Fryer G, Bird M, Robbins B, Johnson JC. Acute electromyographic responses of deep thoracic paraspinal muscles to spinal manual therapy interventions. An experimental, randomized cross-over study. Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies. 2017;21(3):495-502. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbmt.2017.04.011
Fryer G. Somatic dysfunction: An osteopathic conundrum. International Journal of Osteopathic Medicine. 2016;22:52-63.http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijosm.2016.02.002
Vaughan B, Moran R, Tehan P, Fryer G, Holmes M, Vogel S, Taylor A. Manual therapy and cervical artery dysfunction: identification of potential risk factors in clinical encounters. International Journal of Osteopathic Medicine. 2016;21:40-50. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijosm.2016.01.007
Franke H, Franke J-D, Fryer G. Osteopathic manipulative treatment for chronic nonspecific neck pain: A systematic review and meta-analysis. International Journal of Osteopathic Medicine. 2015; 18, 255-267 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijosm.2015.05.003
Fryer, G. Muscle Energy Technique: Research and Efficacy. In L. Chaitow (Ed.), Muscle Energy Techniques, 4th ed. London: Elsevier Health Sciences. 2013:42-64
Fryer G. Chapter 16: Muscle energy technique. In: Fernández de las Peñas C, et al. (ed). Multidisciplinary Management of Migraine: Pharmacological, Manual and Other Therapies. Sudbury, MA, Jones and Bartlett Publishers. 2013:185-204
Fryer G. Chapter 35: Muscle energy approaches. In: Fernández de las Peñas C, et al. (ed). Neck and Arm Pain Syndromes: Evidence-Informed Screening, Diagnosis, and Management in Manual Therapy. Elsevier Churchill Livingstone. 2011:439-454
Fryer G, Fossum C. Chapter 19: Therapeutic mechanisms underlying muscle energy approaches. Fossum C, Fryer G. Chapter 23: Cervical Joint Manipulative Procedures.
Fryer G, Fossum C. Chapter 25: Muscle Energy Techniques. In: Fernández-de-las-Peñas C, Arendt-Nielsen L, and Gerwin RD, (ed). Tension-type and cervicogenic headache: pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management. Sudbury, MA, Jones and Bartlett Publishers. 2010:221-229, 273-290, 309-326
Fryer, G., Glynn, B., Masin, K., Wroe, M., Pearce, A. (2013) Lumbosacral muscle energy technique produces immediate decreases in corticospinal and spinal reflex excitability in asymptomatic participants. Fryer G, Bird M, Robbins B, Johnson JC. Electromyographic Responses Of Deep Thoracic Transversospinalis Muscles To Osteopathic Manipulative Interventions. International Conference for the Advancement of Osteopathic Research (ICAOR), 9th International, BCOM, London, UK (Abstract published in Int J Osteopath Med. 16(1):e3-6.)
Fryer, G. and Adams J. (2010) Magnetic resonance imaging of subjects with acute unilateral neck pain and restricted motion: a feasibility study. International Conference for the Advancement of Osteopathic Research (ICAOR), 8th International, ICOM, Milan, Italy (Abstract published in Int J Osteopath Med. 13(3):113-113.)
'Research and clinical teaching in osteopathic programmes: a question of balance?', 'Teaching Research' Open Forum (2012) Osteopathic European Academic Network (OsEAN), Paris, France
'Muscle energy technique: evidence & practice' lecture & workshop (2011) 9th Biennial Conference of the Chiropractic and Osteopathic College of Australasia, Melbourne
'Osteopathy needs to develop a research culture' (Mixed Panel presentation); 'Evidence?based medicine or evidence-informed osteopathy: What do we know and how can it help us?' (2010) National Osteopathy Conference, Australian Osteopathic Association, Melbourne
- Osteopathic Science
- Editorial Committee member, International Journal of Osteopathic Medicine
- International Advisory Board member, Journal of Bodywork & Movement Therapies
- Australian Osteopathic Association
- Chiropractic and Osteopathic College of Australasia
Areas of expertise
- Effectiveness of manual treatment for pain
- Neurophysiological mechanism of manual therapy
- Use of manipulative techniques by the osteopathic profession