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Professor Akhtar Kalam

PhD Electrical Engineering (Bath), MS Electrical Engineering (Uni of Oklahoma), BSc Eng (Alig, India), BSc (St Xavier's College, Calcutta, India)

Professor & Discipline leader, Engineering

Akhtar has been at Victoria University since 1985 and was a former Deputy Dean of the Faculty of Health, Engineering and Science for 7 years.

He has wide experience in educational institutions and industry across four continents. He received his B.Sc. and B.Sc. Engineering from Calcutta University and Aligarh Muslim University, India in 1969 and 1973 respectively. He completed his MS and Ph.D. at the University of Oklahoma, USA and the University of Bath, UK in 1975 and 1981 respectively. He has worked with Ingersoll Rand and other electrical manufacturers. He has held teaching appointments at the University of Technology, Baghdad, Iraq and Capricornia Institute of Advanced Education, Rockhampton, Queensland.

He is regularly invited to deliver lectures, work on industrial projects and examine external thesis overseas. His major areas of interests are power system analysis, communication, control, protection and cogeneration systems. He has been actively engaged in the teaching of Energy Systems to undergraduates, postgraduates and providing professional courses to the industry both in Australia and overseas. He regularly offers professional development courses on Power System Protection, Renewable Energy and Cogeneration & Gas Turbine Operation to the Energy Supply Association of Australia (ESAA) and Australian Power Institute (API).

Recent publications

Refereed journal articles

Amjadi, S. and Kalam, A., 2016, “IEC61850: a Lingua Franca for Substation Automation Systems”, International Journal of Technical Research and Science, Acceptance Code: IJTRS-V1-I3-005.

Shi, J., Kalam, A. and Shi, P., 2015, “Improving Power Quality and Stability of Wind Energy Conversion System with Fuzzy Controlled STATCOM”, Australian Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Volume 12, Issue 3.

Noshadi, A., Shi, J, Lee, W.S., Shi, P and Kalam, A., (2015), “System Identification and Robust Control of Multi-Input Multi-Output Active Magnetic Bearing Systems”, IEEE Transactions on Control Systems Technology 1, Vol. PP, Issue 99, Digital Object Identifier 10.1109/TCST.2015.2480009.

Noshadi, A., Shi, J, Lee, W.S., Shi, P and Kalam, A., (2015), “Robust Control of an Active Magnetic Bearing System Using H∞ and Disturbance Observer-Based Control”, Journal of Vibration and Control, 1-14, September 3, 2015, 1077546315602421.

Noshadi, A., Shi, J, Lee, W.S., Shi, P and Kalam, A., (2015), “Optimal PID-type fuzzy logic controller for a multi-input multi-output active magnetic bearing system”, Springer Neural Computation and Application, July 2015.

Wong, P.K.C, Barr, R.A. and Kalam, A., (2015), "Generation Modeling of Residential Roof- top Photo-Voltaic Systems and Its Applications in Practical Electricity Distribution Networks", Australian Journal of Electrical & Electronics Engineering (AJEEE), Paper number E14-287R1 (accepted for publication)

Krishnan. K. J., Kalam, A. and Zayegh, A., (2014), ‘H2 Optimisation and Fuel Cells Application on Electrical Distribution System and its Commercial Viability in Australia’, Heat Transfer Engineering, a Taylor and Francis Journal, Vol. 35, Issue 13-14.


Kalam, A. and Kothari, D.P., (2015) Power System Protection and Communications. Published by: New Age International (P) Ltd Publishers, 2nd edition (on publication) 

Hidayatullah N.A. and Kalam, A. (2012) State of the Art Distributed Generation and Smart Grid Technologies, Published by: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing AG & Co KG, ISBN3848495716.

Kalam, A. and Kothari, D.P. (2010) Power System Protection and Communications. Published by: New Age International (P) Ltd Publishers, ISBN978 1 906574 26 0.

Teaching responsibilities

Akhtar is active in teaching, curriculum development, laboratory methods development and computer software initiation.

He has substantial teaching experience at both undergraduate and postgraduate levels in the following units:

  • Basic Energy Systems
  • Electric Energy Systems Analysis & Operation
  • Electric Energy Systems Protection
  • Electric Energy Transmission & Distribution
  • High Voltage Engineering
  • Power Distribution Systems
  • Power Systems Operation & Control
  • Digital Simulation of Protection Systems.

Due to substantial funding from Australian Power Institute (API) he has prepared teaching and laboratory materials. He has introduced new units on Power System Communication, Monitoring & Instrumentation and again received substantial support from API to develop the unit on Alternative Energy Systems. 


Akhtar coordinates the following units:

Postgraduate research students and fellows


32 PhD students (20 Principal Supervisor and 4 Co-supervisor); 8 Masters by Research students; many Masters Supervision by Coursework and final year project supervision. 

Current supervision

10 PhD students as Principal Supervisor, 4 Masters by Research and 4 final year project supervision.

Research grants

Akhtar has been successful in obtaining substantial major research grants and incentives (over $5 million) from competitive bodies e.g. Energy Research Development Corporation - total value of the grant was $744,000. He has written original software for development work used by the industry’s energy sector to increase the safety, reliability and energy efficiency and decrease system operating costs. Additionally, he continues as a consultant to the industry. A selection of his grants is below: 

Funding from ABB, GE, Doble, Weidmuler, SPAusnet and other electricity supply industries for setting up of the Victoria Zone Substation Simulator Centre (2013-). The electricity supply industries have allocated over $1.7M towards the equipment and other resources towards this project. 

Funding from Nexan Australia Pty Ltd for providing standard testing procedure for fire retardant LoSag cables (2013). Nexanex allocated $12,400 towards this project. 

Funding from ASTP for the implementation of the IEC61850 International Protocol for Accurate Fault Location and Arc Voltage estimation in Overhead Power Lines (2011-12). ASTP has allocated $50,000 towards this project.

Funding from API for the development of off-grid standalone renewable power solution (2010-11). API has allocated $50,000 towards this project.

Funding from API for the development of renewable energy laboratory (2009-10). API has allocated $50,000 towards this project.

Professional memberships

  • Chartered Practicing Engineer, Engineers Australia, Australia
  • Chartered Engineer, Engineering Council, UK
  • Fellowship, Engineers Australia, Australia
  • Fellowship of Australian Institute of Energy, Australia
  • Fellowship, Institution of Engineering and Technology, UK
  • Member, Institution of Electrical and Electronic Engineers, USA
  • Member, CIGRE B5, Australian Panel

Industry experience

Akhtar has held prior positions in industry and continues to regularly provide consultancy and continuing professional development course to the industry.

Appearances in the media

Akhtar has had a lot of media exposure on TV, radio, newspaper and magazines.

Areas of expertise

  • Algorithms for battery storage plants (BSPs) when connected to a utility grid in power and industrial networks
  • Artificial Intelligence and its application to power systems
  • Design and development of protection and control tools to enable the efficient and reliable use of cogeneration and renewable energy plants
  • Development of hybrid energy systems
  • Dynamic studies in power systems
  • Fault location techniques to distribution feeders
  • Fuel cells and its application in cogeneration
  • Performances of distribution transformers
  • Power transmission and distribution networks utilising underground cables
  • Telecommunication in power system protection
Akhtar Kalam

Contact details

+61 3 9919 5504