Biomedical Science for Osteopathy 4

Unit code: HBO1004 | Study level: Undergraduate
(Generally, 1 credit = 10 hours of classes and independent study.)
City Campus
HBO1001 - Biomedical Science for Osteopathy 1
(Or equivalent to be determined by unit coordinator)


Biomedical Science for Osteopathy 4 expands students’ knowledge of anatomical and biomechanical principles relevant to osteopathy. Students will apply theoretical concepts of biomedical sciences to the lower limb and review common musculoskeletal conditions presenting in osteopathic practice.

Learning Outcomes

On successful completion of this unit, students will be able to:

  1. Identify and apply knowledge of the detailed anatomy of the lower limb;
  2. Outline basic biomechanics principles and their application to the lower extremity; and
  3. Relate anatomical and biomechanical principles to common musculoskeletal conditions of the lower limb.


For Melbourne campuses

There are three case based learning (CBL) worksheets (one in each of weeks 1, 2 & 3). Case-based learning requires students to work collaboratively in small groups to explore a clinical case scenario relating to the lower limb and analyse the related anatomy and biomechanics. Following this formative in-class activity, students are assessed individually on the key elements of this case and the related musculoskeletal conditions via the online worksheet.

The week 3 quiz will test students’ knowledge of the first two weeks of anatomy content. It will serve as feedback for students in preparation for the final quiz.

The multi-station practical examination requires students to identify and elaborate upon the anatomical structures of the lower limb.

The full scope of the HBO1004 curriculum will be examined within the final quiz, which is scaffolded by formative quizzes throughout the unit.

Assessment type: Exercise
Grade: 15%
Three (3) individual CBL worksheets (short answer & multiple choice – 350 words equivalent)
Assessment type: Test
Grade: 15%
Week 3 quiz (short answer & multiple choice – 30 mins)
Assessment type: Practicum
Grade: 35%
Multi-station practical examination (45mins)
Assessment type: Test
Grade: 35%
Quiz (multiple choice, in-class, 60mins)

Required reading

Students will be provided with an up-to-date reading list via the VU Collaborate system.

Moore’s clinically oriented anatomy
Dalley, A. F. & Agur, A. M. R (2023) | Wolters Kluwer
Abrahams’ and McMinn’s clinical atlas of human anatomy
Abrahams, P. H., Spratt, J. D., Loukas, M. & Van Schoor, A.N. (2019). | Elsevier
Evidence informed orthopedic conditions: 300+ patient centred principles and best practices.
Vizniak, N. A., Fairweather, L., Murray, N., Hussain, S., DeLapp, D., Eni, G., Davidson, T. & Tara Hedrich. (2022)| Professional Health Systems Inc.

As part of a course

This unit is studied as part of the following course(s):

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