Inequality between advantaged and disadvantaged students is one of the greatest enduring challenges in Australian school education. Allocating funding according to the needs of students and schools is a critical part of addressing inequality, but needs-based funding must be part of a more comprehensive effort that encompasses diverse learning needs.

The Mitchell Institute looks at how our school system is both supporting and failing young learners; the extent to which our system is perpetuating disadvantage; and what can be done to address these persistent challenges.