Providing universal access to preschool programs for all three-year-old children is an achievable and desirable policy goal for Australia.

With two thirds of three-year-olds accessing early education and care (ECEC) services, Australia already has the foundations of a universal preschool program. The challenge is to:

  • make sure all three-year-olds receive the 'dose' of high quality early learning through a dedicated preschool program that will have a sustained impact on their development
  • ensure the children currently missing out due to financial and non-financial barriers have the opportunity to participate.

What next?

The Mitchell Institute recommends that as an immediate and low-cost first step, the Council of Australian Governments (COAG) agree to commission a scoping study into three-year preschool programs.

Key recommendation

COAG should commission a scoping study into universal three-year-old preschool programs for Australia. The study should be completed by the end of 2017 and should identify:

  • delivery gaps and opportunities
  • core process and structural quality elements
  • strategies to address barriers to access for priority cohorts
  • jurisdiction-specific implementation options
  • improvements in data collection needed to track impact.