This unit describes the performance outcomes, skills and knowledge required to design exercise plans and programs to change and maintain desired and realistic body composition of clients.  It applies to exercise programs aimed at health-related components of fitness, with particular attention to body composition. This unit does not directly apply to provision of healthy eating information regarding body composition goals, however it does cover the calculation of energy expenditure to enable planning and instruction of appropriate programs to achieve identified goals.

This unit applies to the planning of programs for clients who have completed industry endorsed pre-exercise screening and risk stratification procedures.  This unit applies to personal trainers who typically work autonomously in controlled and uncontrolled fitness environments. Work is performed according to relevant legislation and organisational policies and procedures.

Unit details

Study level:
Vocational and further education (TAFE)
Unit code:


Assessment tasks will be designed to reinforce and extend knowledge and skill competence within set and controlled parameters in accordance with each unit's learning outcomes and performance criteria requirements, including the setting of work based practical application tasks designed to provide evidence of competence outcomes, within periodic and scheduled timelines. Students will be expected to demonstrate the following required skills which must include period(s) totalling at least ten hours comprising at least ten different client contact sessions: - plan, document, implement and evaluate at least five exercise plans that meet specific body composition needs and goals of individual clients; - conduct sessions that consider each client's: training schedule; likes and dislikes; financial constraints; specific responses to questionnaire; religious restrictions; injuries; medical and exercise history, and; functional limitations; - correctly measure body composition for each client using appropriate measures: weight; height; hip circumference; waist circumference; skin folds; bioelectrical impedance analysis, and; body mass indices; - appropriately use and apply anthropometric standards: somatotypes; skin fold indices; body mass indices; waist-hip ratios, and; healthy weight range charts, and; - use appropriate and motivating instructional techniques with each client to increase exercise adherence and positive health and fitness habits.Students will also be expected to demonstrate the following knowledge: - legislative and regulatory requirements regarding exercise planning for body composition goals; - organisational policies and procedures; - industry endorsed client pre-exercise health screening processes; - industry endorsed risk stratification procedures, exercise implications and referral requirements; - client considerations for planning exercise programs to target body composition goals; - exercise programming principles to target body composition goals; - barriers to achieving goals; - management of body composition; - factors affecting 'weight' on scales; - role of medical or allied health professionals in relation to body composition programming; - motivational techniques and strategies to support body composition goals, and; - benefits and limitations of body composition appraisal methods.

Where to next?

As part of a course

This unit is studied as part of the following courses. Refer to the course page for information on how to apply for the course.

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