This unit describes the performance outcomes, skills and knowledge required to assess client movement and exercise capacity and develop an appropriate exercise program. It requires the use of functional movement knowledge in day-to-day professional practice to encourage healthy posture, effective movement patterns and safe exercise technique for clients.

This unit applies to personal trainers who offer exercise programs to improve functional movement for general populations, including older adults and young people. These clients are those with no unstable health conditions, pain or injury as identified through industry endorsed pre-exercise screening and risk stratification protocols.

This unit does not apply to the provision of postural assessment, advice or treatment for an injury, disease or condition. The personal trainer is expected to refer clients requiring guidance, advice or treatment to an appropriate allied health professional.  This unit applies to personal trainers who typically work autonomously in controlled and uncontrolled fitness environments. Work is performed according to relevant legislation and organisational policies and procedures.

Unit details

Study level:
Vocational and further education (TAFE)
Unit code:


Assessment tasks will be designed to reinforce and extend knowledge and skill competence within set and controlled parameters in accordance with each unit's learning outcomes and performance criteria requirements, including the setting of work based practical application tasks designed to provide evidence of competence outcomes, within periodic and scheduled timelines. Students will be expected to demonstrate the following required skills which must include period(s) totalling at least eight hours comprising at least five different client contact sessions: - observe and analyse functional movement capacity for at least five clients in line with accepted movement and technique standards; - identify each client's capacity to activate and achieve good muscle function in all of the following muscle groups, using at least three muscle activation exercises per client; - modify incorrect client exercise technique and poor dynamic posture of at least three clients; - explain and document functional movement observations and encourage a healthy posture for all clients, and; - recommend appropriate exercise strategies to clients to promote functional movement and reduce the likelihood of injury, in accordance with functional movement observations and client risk status.Students will also be expected to demonstrate the following knowledge: - legislative obligations and organisational policies and procedures; - the relationship between injury, injury prevention and postural variances; - ideal postural alignment; - relationship of poor posture and risk of injury and muscular deficits; - postural influences affecting dysfunctional movement patterns and exercise technique; - typical range of movement for major joint complexes; - deviations in posture or functional limitations at commencement, during, at completion of exercise or movement; - role of muscles in contractions; - causes of poor posture; - muscle activation, correct execution, and teaching points for primal functional movement patterns; - role of muscle activation in functional movement and exercise performance; - normal range of movement for major joint complexes; - characteristics of balance and balance exercise; - characteristics of coordination and agility; - changes to centre of gravity; - industry endorsed scope of practice for a personal trainer; - industry endorsed pre-exercise screening and risk stratification protocols; - role of medical or allied health professionals for referral or guidance, and; - reasons for referral to an appropriate medical or allied health professional.

Where to next?

As part of a course

This unit is studied as part of the following courses. Refer to the course page for information on how to apply for the course.

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