This unit describes the performance outcomes, skills and knowledge required to incorporate an understanding of the human body structure and physiology into fitness instruction, programming and provision of fitness advice. This unit applies to fitness instructors who work in a variety of fitness locations such as fitness, leisure and community centres. These individuals typically work independently with some level of autonomy in a controlled environment. Work is performed according to relevant legislation and organisational policies and procedures.

Unit details

Study level:
Vocational and further education (TAFE)
Unit code:


Assessment tasks will be designed to reinforce and extend knowledge and skill competence within set and controlled parameters in accordance with each unit's learning outcomes and performance criteria requirements, including the setting of work based practical application tasks designed to provide evidence of competence outcomes, within periodic and scheduled timelines. Students will be expected to demonstrate the following required skills: - effectively use knowledge of the following body systems to improve own instructional practice to plan and instruct at least five different client sessions: cardiovascular; respiratory; musculoskeletal, with attention to bone strength, muscle endurance and muscle strength; nervous; digestive, and; - explain and demonstrate: the major movements of the body, while identifying major muscles; actions of major joints during exercise; relevant information regarding structure and function of skeletal muscle, and process of muscle contraction during exercise; muscle actions and functions during different types of contractions.Students will also be expected to demonstrate the following knowledge: - anatomical terminology; - movement terminology and muscle actions; - structural levels of body organisation; - functions of major muscles during exercise and movement; - types of muscle contractions; - tissue types; - body systems, their interdependence and contribution to a healthy body; - structure and function of: muscles, nervous system, skeletal system, cardiovascular system and respiratory system; - energy systems, pathways and substrates and relevant recovery options; - thermoregulation of the human body, and; - exercises to promote ideal postural alignment and prevent development of pathological postures.

Where to next?

As part of a course

This unit is studied as part of the following courses. Refer to the course page for information on how to apply for the course.

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