This unit describes the performance outcomes, skills and knowledge required to recognise exercise considerations common to specific population groups. It requires the ability to understand anatomical and physiological considerations and apply that understanding to client exercise participation aimed at improving health-related components of fitness. This unit applies to fitness instructors working within the industry endorsed scope of practice when providing advice regarding fitness services and referral requirements for clients from the following specific population groups:

- children;
- women;
- older adults;
- clients with a disability, and;
- culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) groups.

This unit does not apply to provision of exercise to higher risk specific population clients, or inappropriate exercise prescription for moderate risk clients. This unit applies to fitness instructors who typically work independently with some level of autonomy in a controlled environment. Work is performed according to relevant legislation including working with children and/or vulnerable people checks, and organisational policies and procedures.

Unit details

Study level:
Vocational and further education (TAFE)
Unit code:


Assessment tasks will be designed to reinforce and extend knowledge and skill competence within set and controlled parameters in accordance with each unit's learning outcomes and performance criteria requirements, including the setting of work based practical application tasks designed to provide evidence of competence outcomes, within periodic and scheduled timelines. Students will be expected to demonstrate the following required skills: - use industry endorsed pre-exercise screening tools and risk stratification processes to identify the risk level of at least ten clients across the following specific population groups: children and adolescents; women; older adults; clients with a disability; culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) groups; - prepare referral letters to relevant medical or appropriate allied health professionals with supporting pre-exercise health screening documentation for a client from each specific population group; - plan, document, implement and evaluate suitable exercise programs within scope of practice for specific population clients: five clients that don't require guidance or instruction provided by medical or allied health professionals; five clients in response to guidance or instruction provided by medical or allied health professionals - conduct sessions; - modify programs for clients, and; - conduct periodic ongoing evaluation of outcomes from fitness programs in accordance with the established program goals and industry best practice.Students will also be expected to demonstrate the following knowledge: - legislative and regulatory requirements regarding specific population exercise participation; - organisational policies and procedures in regards to specific population exercise participation; - industry endorsed client pre-exercise screening processes; - industry endorsed risk stratification procedures, exercise implications and referral requirements; - precautions to exercise relevant to the specific population in accordance with industry guidelines where applicable; - benefits versus risk of participation; - situations where cessation of exercise program is required; - signs and symptoms of poor exercise tolerance or unstable condition; - role of medical or allied health professionals for referral processes; - typical anatomical and physiological considerations for the following specific population groups; - appropriate management for signs and symptoms of intolerance or an unstable condition; - potential or actual effect of the condition on exercise behaviour, and; - exercise adherence strategies.

Where to next?

As part of a course

This unit is studied as part of the following courses. Refer to the course page for information on how to apply for the course.

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