In this unit students explore how the body systems work together to produce movement and analyse this motion using biomechanical principles. Through practical activities students explore the relationships between the body systems and physical activity. They are introduced to the aerobic and anaerobic pathways utilised to provide the muscles with the energy required for movement and the basic characteristics of each pathway.

Unit details

Study level:
Vocational and further education (TAFE)
Unit code:


Assessment tasks will be designed to reinforce and extend knowledge and skill competence within set and controlled parameters in accordance with each competency unit's learning outcomes and performance criteria requirements, including the setting of project and work based practical application tasks designed to provide evidence of competence outcomes, within periodic and scheduled timelines. Students will be expected to demonstrate the following required skills: - use correct anatomical terminology to identify bones, individual muscles (for example, rectus, abdominus), joints and joint actions used in human movement; - perform, observe and analyse a variety of movements used in physical activity and identify the bones, muscles, joints and joint actions responsible for movement; - accurately describe the process of reciprocal inhibition; - use correct terminology to identify muscle fibre types and muscular contractions required to perform a variety of activities at different intensities; - describe the relationship between motor unit recruitment and muscular contractions; - perform, measure and report on changes to the cardiovascular, respiratory and muscular systems at rest compared to exercise; - identify the dominant energy pathway utilised in a variety of aerobic or anaerobic activities determined by the intensity and duration of the activity, and; - collect, analyse and report on primary data related to responses to exercise and anaerobic and aerobic pathways. Students will also be expected to demonstrate the following knowledge:- the musculoskeletal system working together to produce movement in physical activity: bones of the human body, major muscles and muscle structure, classification of joints and joint action; - characteristics and functions of muscle fibres including fibre arrangement and type; - types of muscular contraction (isotonic, isometric and isokinetic); - agonists, antagonists and stabilisers and the concept of reciprocal inhibition; - control of muscles including the recruitment of motor units, voluntary and involuntary muscular contractions; - the cardiovascular and respiratory systems, including the structure and function of the heart and lungs, mechanics of breathing, gaseous exchange, blood vessels, blood flow around the body at rest and during exercise, and; - introduction to the characteristics of aerobic and anaerobic pathways (with or without oxygen) and their contribution to movement and dominant fibre type associated with each pathway. In VCE, the assessment is made up of two components. - Satisfactory Completion - Levels of Achievement Satisfactory Completion Units 1, 2, 3 and 4 The award of satisfactory completion for a unit is based on a decision that the student has demonstrated achievement of the set of outcomes specified for the unit. This decision will be based on the teacher's assessment of the student's performance on assessment tasks designated for the unit. Levels of achievement Units 1 and 2 Procedures for the assessment of levels of achievement in Units 1 and 2 are a matter for school decision/teacher.

Where to next?

VU takes care to ensure the accuracy of this unit information, but reserves the right to change or withdraw courses offered at any time. Please check that unit information is current with the Student Contact Centre.