Australians generally enjoy good health and are among the healthiest people in the world when compared to other developed countries. The health status of Australians can be
measured in many ways, such as consideration of burden of disease, health adjusted life expectancy, disability adjusted life years (DALYs), life expectancy, under-five mortality rate,
mortality and morbidity rates, incidence and prevalence of disease. Despite Australia's good health status, there is still potential for improvements. The National Health Priority Areas
(NHPAs) initiative provides a national approach that aims to improve health status in the areas that contribute most of the burden of disease in Australia. Regardless of how health is
measured, health is not shared equally by all Australians. Different levels of health are experienced by different groups, which can be attributed to biological, behavioural and social
determinants of health.
This unit is delivered in Year 12.